This edited volume offers an in-depth and detailed insight into Project SAFTE’s (Studying the Acquisition of Illicit Firearms by Terrorists in Europe) research findings. In-depth country studies were conducted in eight EU member states by research teams from the Flemish Peace Institute, SIPRI, SSSA, Arquebus Solutions, Small Arms Survey and Bureau Bruinsma. The in-depth qualitative research methodology involved desk research and semi-structured interviews with key international actors and stakeholders such as Europol, EMPACT Firearms, Interpol, SEESAC and the Office of the EU Counter-Terrorism Coordinator. The volume sheds light on how illegal firearms markets are structured in the EU and shows how terrorists access these.

The CJS team has been responsible for conducting the country study on Romania, the first study of this type to have been published. It is based on discussions with key institutional stakeholders in the field, review of the existing literature, official reports, as well as court records court records and media reports on illicit firearms cases in Romania between 2010 and 2016.

Download country study Romania

Read more about Project SAFTE’s research findings and policy recommendations.

Learn more about the research approach.


Research in Project SAFTE was conducted by experts from around Europe, led by the Flemish Peace Institute.


January 2017 – March 2018


Project SAFTE received funding from DG Migration and Home Affairs – European Commission (Internal Security Fund 2014-2020).